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Causal Inference and American Political Development: The Case of the Gag Rule. Forthcoming. Public Choice. With Charles Stewart III.

Learning from Each Other: Causal Inference and American Political Development. Forthcoming. Public Choice. With Nolan McCarty and Charles Stewart III.

Congress and the Political Economy of Daylight Saving Time. 2019. Social Science Quarterly 100: 1664-84. With Thomas R. Gray.

Pivotal Politics and the Ideological Content of Landmark Laws. 2019. Journal of Public Policy 39: 115-42. With Thomas R. Gray.

The Deinstitutionalization (?) of the House of Representatives: Reflections on Nelson Polsby’s “The Institutionalization of the U.S. House of Representatives” at Fifty. 2018. Studies in American Political Development 32: 166-87. With Charles Stewart III.

Distributive Politics and Congressional Voting: Public Lands Reform in the Jacksonian Era. 2018. Public Choice 175: 259-75. With Sean Gailmard.

Presidential Particularism and U.S. Trade Politics. 2018. Political Science Research and Methods. 6: 265-81. With Kenneth S. Lowande and Andrew J. Clarke.

Who Are President Trump’s Allies in the House of Representatives? 2017. The Forum 15: 415-29. With Andrew J. Clarke.

Unpacking Pivotal Politics: Exploring the Differential Effects of the Filibuster and Veto Pivots. 2017. Public Choice 172: 359-75. With Thomas R. Gray.

Tariff Politics and Congressional Elections: Exploring the Cannon Thesis. 2017. Journal of Theoretical Politics 29: 382-414. With Andrew J. Clarke and Kenneth S. Lowande.

Disasters and Elections: Measuring the Net Effect of Damage and Relief in Historical Context. 2017. Political Analysis 25: 260-68. With Boris Heersink and Brenton D. Peterson.

From Rolls to Disappointments: Examining the Other Source of Majority Party Failure in Congress. 2017. Political Research Quarterly 70: 82-97. With Andrew J. Clarke and Nathan W. Monroe.

Distributive Politics, the Electoral Connection, and the Antebellum U.S. Congress: The Case of Military Service Pensions. 2016. Journal of Theoretical Politics 28: 192-224. With Charles J. Finocchiaro.

On Measuring Legislative Agenda-Setting Power. 2016. American Journal of Political Science 60: 158-74. With Nathan W. Monroe.

Southern Delegates and Republican National Convention Politics, 1880-1928. 2015. Studies in American Political Development 29: 68-88. With Boris Heersink.

Negative Agenda Control and the Conservative Coalition in the U.S. House. 2014. Journal of Politics 76: 1116-27. With Nathan W. Monroe.

Building Toward Major Policy Change: Congressional Action on Civil Rights, 1941-1950. 2013. Law and History Review 31: 139-98. With Justin Peck.

Buying Negative Agenda Control in the U.S. House. 2012. American Journal of Political Science 56: 897-912. With Nathan W. Monroe.

Partisan Agenda Control in the U.S. House: A Theoretical Exploration. 2012. Journal of Theoretical Politics 24: 555-70. With Nathan W. Monroe.

Institutional Context and Party Power: Member Participation and Leadership Strategy in the Lame-Duck Congressional Era. 2011. American Politics Review 39: 724-53. With Timothy P. Nokken.

Examining the Electoral Connection Across Time. 2011. Annual Review of Political Science 14: 25-46. With Jamie L. Carson.

Between Reconstructions: Congressional Action on Civil Rights, 1891-1940. 2010. Studies in American Political Development 24: 57-89. With Justin Peck and Vesla M. Weaver.

Apportionment Matters: Fair Representation in the U.S. House and Electoral College. 2009. Perspectives on Politics 7: 849-57. With Brian J. Gaines.

Agency Problems, the 17th Amendment, and Representation in the Senate. 2009. American Journal of Political Science 53: 324-42. With Sean Gailmard.

In Search of Killer Amendments in the Modern U.S. House. 2008. Legislative Studies Quarterly 33: 263-94. With Charles J. Finocchiaro.

Partisanship, the Electoral Connection, and Lame-Duck Sessions of Congress, 1877-2006. 2008. Journal of Politics 70: 450-65. With Timothy P. Nokken.

Legislative Shirking in the Pre-Twentieth Amendment Era: Presidential Influence, Party Power, and Lame-Duck Sessions of Congress, 1877-1933. 2008. Studies in American Political Development 22: 111-40. With Timothy P. Nokken.

Negative Agenda Control in the Senate and House: Fingerprints of Majority Party Power. 2007 Journal of Politics 69: 689-700. With Sean Gailmard.

Who Should Govern Congress?  Access to Power and the Salary Grab of 1873. 2006. Journal of Economic History 66: 674-706. With Lee J. Alston and Tomas Nonnenmacher.

Running to Lose?: John C. Breckinridge and the Presidential Election of 1860. 2006. Electoral Studies 25: 306-28. With Irwin L. Morris.

Partisanship and Contested Election Cases in the Senate, 1789-2002. 2005. Studies in American Political Development 19: 53-74.

Parties as Procedural Coalitions in Congress: An Examination of Differing Career Tracks. 2005. Legislative Studies Quarterly 30: 365-89. With Michael H. Crespin and Jamie L. Carson.

Constituency Cleavages and Congressional Parties: Measuring Homogeneity and Polarization, 1857-1913. 2004. Social Science History 28: 537-73. With Eric Schickler and Jamie L. Carson.

Partisanship and Contested Election Cases in the House of Representatives, 1789-2002. 2004. Studies in American Political Development 18: 113-35.

Shirking in the Contemporary Congress: A Reappraisal. 2004. Political Analysis 12: 176-79. With Jamie L. Carson, Michael H. Crespin, and Ryan Vander Wielen.

Out in the Open: The Emergence of Viva Voce Voting in House Speakership Elections. 2003. Legislative Studies Quarterly 28: 481-508. With Charles Stewart III.

Investigating the Incidence of Killer Amendments in Congress. 2003. Journal of Politics 65: 498-517. With Michael C. Munger.

The Impact of National Tides and District-Level Effects on Electoral Outcomes: The U.S. Congressional Elections of 1862-63. 2001. American Journal of Political Science 45: 887-98. With Jamie L. Carson, David W. Rohde, and Mark Souva.

Race and the Representation of Blacks’ Interests During Reconstruction. 2001. Political Research Quarterly 54: 181-204. With Michael D. Cobb.

Examining the Robustness of Ideological Voting: Evidence from the Confederate House of Representatives. 2000. American Journal of Political Science 44: 811-22.

The Institutional Origins of the Republican Party: Spatial Voting and the House Speakership Election of 1855-56. 2000. Legislative Studies Quarterly 25: 101-30. With Timothy P. Nokken.

Partisanship and Confederate Constitution‑Making Reconsidered: A Response to Bensel. 1999. Studies in American Political Development 13: 245-62.

Why No Parties?: Investigating the Disappearance of Democrat-Whig Divisions in the Confederacy. 1999. Studies in American Political Development 13: 279-87.

Examining the Bonding Effects of Party: A Comparative Analysis of Roll‑Call Voting in the U.S. and Confederate Houses. 1999. American Journal of Political Science 43: 1144‑65.

Ideology, Economic Interests, and Congressional Roll-Call Voting: Partisan Instability and Bank of the United States Legislation, 1811-1816. 1999. Public Choice 100: 225-43. With Marc Weidenmier.

The Spatial Theory of Voting and the Presidential Election of 1824. 1998. American Journal of Political Science 42: 1157-79. With Brian R. Sala.

Property Rights and the Emergence of Standing Committee Dominance in the Nineteenth-Century House. 1998. Legislative Studies Quarterly 23: 493-519.

A Reexamination of Salary Discrimination in Professional Basketball. 1996. Social Science Quarterly 77: 594-608.

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